Home » Genocide of Women in Hinduism. Ch. 5. Sati

This chapter proves that Sati was a result of Brahmin oppression and cruelty. Initially introduced by barbaric Aryan invaders, the Brahmins enforced it upon the non-Brahmins in order to confiscate the properties of the non-Brahmin widows and to exterminate non-Brahmins races so as to establish an ethnically cleansed `Brahmavarta’.  

Genocide of Women in Hinduism by Sita Agarwal. Chapter 5. Sati 

The Aryans, upon their invasion of India ca. 1500 B.C. introduced the horrific custom of sati, ie. the burning of a woman after the death of her husband. When performed singly it is referred to as sati, when performed en masse by all the women and daughters of a town in anticipation of their widowhood (eg. when the men were to fight a battle against all odds), it is known as jauhar. It is sanctioned by their most sacred texts, and was practiced from the fall of the Semito-Dravidian Indus Valley civilization to the modern age. 

5.1 SCRIPTURAL ENFORCEMENT 

The most sacred of Aryan scriptures are the Vedas, and the Rig Veda, the oldest veda, explicitly sanctions the custom of sati. The following famous `Sati Hymn’ of the Rig Veda was (and still is) recited during the actual immolation of the widow [ Kane 199-200 ]: – 

Rig Veda X.18.7 : " Let these women, whose husbands are worthy and are living, enter the house with ghee (applied) as corrylium ( to their eyes). Let these wives first step into the pyre, tearless without any affliction and well adorned."   [ Rig Veda X.18.7 ] [ Kane 199-200 ] 

In recent times some Aryan apologists have arisen who try to prove that this verse does not sanction sati. This concept arises from a mistaken reading of the word agne or agneh , which they believe is agre . This is a wrong interpretation, and other evidence exists that the Aryans definitely practiced Sati from the earliest times. These fabricators distorted the Sati verse which directs the widow to enter the pyre (agneh) so as to mean that the wife was to rise from her pyre and go to the front (agre). These fraud Brahminist historians also wilfully ignore several other citations from scriptures which explicitly allow Sati

  • The Garudapurana favourably mentions the immolation of a widow on the funeral pyre, and states that women of all castes, even the Candalla woman, must perform Sati. The only exceptions allowed by this benevolent author is for pregnant women or those who have young children. If women do not perform sati, then they will be reborn into the lowly body of a woman again and again till they perform Sati. [ Garuda.Purana. II.4.91-100 ] [ Kane 237 ]. 
  • A sati who dies on the funeral pyre of her husband enjoys an eternal bliss in heaven [ Daksa Smrti IV.18-19 ] [ Sm.Samu p.30 ] [ 1200, p.65 ] 
  • According to Vasishta’s Padma-Purana, a woman must, on the death of her husband, allow herself to be burnt alive on the same funeral pyre [ DuB.345 ]. 
  • Yajnavalkya, the most important law-giver after Manu, states that sati is the only way for a chaste widow [ Apastamba.I.87 ] [ 1200, p.65 ] 
  • The Yogini Tantra enjoins upon Brahmana widows to burn themselves on the funeral pyre of their husbands [ Yog.T. II.303-308 ]. Vaisya and Sudra widows were also allowed to do it. It was prohibited to unchaste women and those having many children. [ 1200, p.67 ] 
  • The Vyasa Smrti gives one of the two alternatives for a Brahmana widow, ie. either to become a sati or to take up ascetism after her tonsure [ Vyasa Sm. II.53 ] [ Sm.S. p.362 ] [ 1200, p.67 ftn.136 ]. 

What more can I say about these golden verses from the `Holy’ Vedas, the Gita and the Puranas – guidelines for every true Hindu woman ! Needless to say, bigoted Hindu fanatics like Vivekananda, `Mahatma’ Gandhi and the Ramakrishna Mission always ignore these verses in order to fool gullible Westerners that Sati does not exist or is the result of some Pakistani ISI conspiracy. 

Further, the Vishnusmirti gives only two choices for the widow: 

Vishnu Smirti.XXV.14 : "If a woman’s husband dies, let her lead a life of chastity, or else mount his pyre"   [ Vis.Sm. xxv.14 ] [ Clay.13 ] 

Brahma is one of the main Aryan gods, being the creator of the world ( later he was identified as an incarnation of Vishnu ). One of the Puranas is named after him, the Brahma Purana. Like other Puranas, it was composed after the Vedas (Pandits hold 4000 B.C., Indologists 700 B.C.) This scripture also sanctions sati: 

Brahma Purana.80.75 : " It is the highest duty of the woman to immolate herself after her husband ". [ Br.P. 80.75 ] [ Sheth, p.103 ] 

Once again we hear that sati is sanctioned by the Vedas:  Brahma Purana.80.75 : " [ Sati ] … is enjoined by the Vedas ". [ Br.P. 80.75 ] [ Sheth, p.103 ] 

and  Brahma Purana.80.75 : " [ Sati is ] greatly reputed in all the worlds ".   [ Br.P. 80.75 ] [ Sheth, p.103 ] 

Long life is promised to the sati: 

Brahma Purana.80.76, 80.77 : " She [ the sati ] lives with her husband in heaven for as many years as there are pores in the human body, ie. for 35 million years. "   [ Br.P. 80.76, 80.77 ] [ Sheth 103 ] 

Vishnu Dharmasutra XXV.14 contains the statement: 

Vishnu Dharmasutra XXV.14 : " On her husband’s death, the widow should observe celibacy or should ascend the funeral pyre after him."   [ cf also Vishnudharmottarasutra VIII.p.111  for the same verse ]  [ 1200, p.65 ] [ Vis.Dh.Sh.XXV.14 ] 

Several other scriptures sanction widow-burning. Some of these are as given below [ Wilk ]: 

  • "It is proper for a woman, after her husband’s death to burn herself in the fire with his copse; every woman who thus burns herself shall remain in paradise with her husband 35,000,000 years by destiny." 
  • "The wife who commits herself to fames with her husband’s copse shall equal Arundathi and reside in Swarga (heaven)."
  • "Accompanying her husband, she shall reside so long in Swarga as the 35,000,000 of hairs on the human body.  T  "As the snake-catcher forcibly drags the serpent from his earth, so bearing her husband [from hell] with him she enjoys heavenly bliss." 
  • "Dying with her husband, she sanctifies her maternal and paternal ancestors and the ancestors of him to whom she gave her virginity." 
  • "Such a wife adorning her husband, in celestial felicity with him, greatest and most admired, shall enjoy the delights of heaven while fourteen Indras reign." 
  • "Though a husband had killed a Brahman, broken the ties of gratitude, or murdered a friend she expiates the crime."  [ Wilk ] 

What more need we say about the `liberal’ verses from the `holy’ Hindu texts ? All these astonishing citations can be verified; the references are given in full at the end of this book. There is no secondary step in between; I have directly cited from the holiest Hindu law-books. These quotations show that Sati is deeply enshrined in Hinduism as a virtuous act right from the Vedic age. It is hence an inherent part of Hinduism and is not due to any `Puranic corruption’, but was practiced during the `wonderful Golden Vedic Age’ by the Aryan savages. 

5.2 ARYAN SATI GODDESSES 

The Vedic Aryan origin of sati is further evident from the fact that several Aryan ladies and `goddesses’ performed sati : 

  • Several of Krishna’s wives performed sati upon his death, including Rukmini, Rohini, Devaki, Bhadraa and Madura [Mah.Bhar. Mausalaparvan 7.18 ] [ Alld, p.977, 1018-1019: Rukmini ] 
  • Madri, second wife of Pandu, considered an incarnation of the goddess Dhriti, performed sati [ Mah.Bhar. Adiparvan 95.65 ] [ Alld, p.985 ] 
  • Rohini, a wife of Vasudev, Krishna’s father, who gave birth to Balram ( Devki’s child ), later became a sati. [ Alld.1018 ] The Vishnu Purana refers to this mass burning of Krishna’s wives :  Vishnu Purana.V.38 : " The 8 queens of Krishna, who have been named, with Rukmini at their head, embraced the body of Hari, and entered the funeral fire. Revati also embracing the corpse of Rama, entered the blazing pile, which was cool to her, happy in contact with her lord. Hearing these events, Ugrasena and Anakadundubhi, with Devaki and Rohini, committed themselves to the flames." [ Vis.Pur. 5.38 ] [ Vis.Pur. {Wils} p.481 ] 

What true, divine models for all Hindu women ! These are the idiotic women who allowed themselves to be cruelly burnt alive on the deaths of their husbands. Later on, they were elevated to goddesses to brainwash more non-Brahmin women into performing Sati ! 

5.3 ANCIENT TRAVELLERS’ ACCOUNTS 

The abundant observations by ancient travellers testifies to the ubiquity of the practice and the ruthless rigour with which it was enforced. Alexander the

Great and the Greeks observed Sati in Punjab [ Onescrites in Strabo xv.i.ch 30 ] [ Barth 59 ]. The Greek Diodorus Siculus who lived in the 1st century BC, mentioned the practice of sati in his account of the Punjab in the 4th century BC [ EB 11:421 ]. Indigenous historical evidence substantiates this, for ‘The earliest recorded historical instance of sati is that of the wife of the Hindu general Keteus, who died in 316 B.C. while fighting against Antigonos. Both his wives were eager to perform sati, but as the elder one was with child, only the younger one alone was allowed to carry out her wish.’  [Sheth 104] 

It is to be noted that the earliest inscriptions in India are dated to only a few decades before this particular citation of sati. In other words Sati is attested in the oldest inscriptions discovered in India, proving that it dates to the greatest antiquity. 

The sati rite was customary for the widows of Kshatriyas in the end of the first century BC as mentioned by Strabo [ Strabo XV.ch.700.30 ] [ Harp.273 ]. Sati was performed by all the Aryan races, for it is recorded that the Germanic tribes used to immolate the widows of chieftain to accompany the husband to Valhalla [ Harp. 273 ] [ David.150 ]. The Scythians also performed a similar rite. This pan-Indo-European occurrence of Sati further confirms that Sati was practiced by the Indo-Aryan barbarians. 

The Arab writer Alberuni mentioned the practice of sati among the `Hindus’. [ al-B. ii p.155 {Ch.LXIX}; ii p.170 {Ch.LXXIII} ] 

" She [ the widow ] has only to choose between two things – either to remain a widow as long as ashe lives, or to burn herself, … As regards the wives of kings, they are in the habit of burning them whether they wish it or not."  [ al-B.ii.p.155 {Ch.LXIX} ] 

This shows that the Hindu kings forcibly burnt their women against their wishes. What true fruits of Vedic philosophy ! Later travellers also refer to this horrible practice : 

`Nicolo deo Contei states that as many as 3000 of the wives and concubines of the kings of Vijayanagar were pledged to be burnt with their lord on his death [and often ministers and palace servants accompanied the king in death]’  [ Bash.188 ] 

During the era of Anglo-Brahmin colonialism, when the Brahmins betrayed the nation to the Anglo-Saxon invaders and collaborated with them, the Pandits were free to re-enforce the harsh Vedic sati laws which had been uprooted by the Islamic liberators.

Hence the Brahmins thwarted the best efforts of the Non-Brahmin Ram Mohan Roy to stop it [ Harp.273 ]. That Sati actually revived during Brahmin-British rule is also confirmed by the Abbe DuBois –  " [Sati] is more in vogue on the banks of the Ganges, [while] in Bengal Presidency [only] 706 suttees occurred in 1817 [and in] the Madras Presidency [out of] 30 million inhabitants not 30 allow themselves to be burnt each year."  [DuB.357 ] 

DuBois mentions with horror the brute custom of sati : 

`[the wife] must, on the death of her husband, allow herself to be burnt alive on the same funeral pyre [of her husband]’  [ DuB.345] 

Contemporary literature is replete with references to the practice of sati : 

  • One hundred queens of the Chedi king Gangayadeva burnt themselves after the death of their husband king at Prayaga [ 1200 p.65 ]. 

Sati was not only practiced on the wife of the deceased. Even slave girls, mothers and sister-in-laws were forcefully burnt alive when a man died. So cheap is the life of a Hindu woman ! 

  • Dhanapala in his `Tilakamanjari’ (p.156) refers to slave girls going towards the funeral pyre to burn themselves when they learned the death of their master. [ 1200, p.66 ftn.132 ] 
  • In the 4th act of the Venisamhara (VII.15) we find the mother of the dead hero coming to the battle field to enter his funeral pyre along with her daughter-in-law. [1200 p.66 ] 
  • Gajja, the mother rof Anada, burnt herself with her deceased son [ Raj.Tar. VII.1380 ] [ 1200, p.66 ]. 
  • Vallabha died with her brother-in-law Malla [ Raj.Tar. VII.1486 ] 

This shows that the brute custom of sati was merely designed to destroy womanhood as a whole, and non-Brahmin women in particular. Sati still continues to this day. In 1990, more than 50 widows were burnt alive as satis. [ Verma ] This, once again, is the Brahmin conspiracy at work, destroying nonBrahmin women. 

Tonsuring of the head was another evil that widows had to face. The widow was supposed to look like a sannyasi, so that no one would be attracted to her [ 1200, p.69 ]. The braid of hair, if continued by the widow, would supposedly result in the husband being put in bondage in the next world [ Skanda Pur., Kashikhanda 4.74 f ]. If a widow does not become a sati, she should get her head tonsured [ Vedavyasa II.53 ]. That these restrictions were enforced is indicated by the contemporary literature. Thus the young widowed daughter of a merchant ( who kept her well-guarded ) had to devise ways and means to enjoy her lover [ Akhy, p.192-193 ] [ 1200, p.69 ]. 

5.4 BRAHMIN FRAUD HYPOTHESES  

Several bizarre hypothese have been set forth by obscurantist Brahminists to fabricate non-Vedic explanations for the occurrence of sati, often with less than honest intentions. All these frauds are herein exposed : 

Corruption : One silly canard spread by the Brahmins is that the custom of sati started when `Hindu’ society started to `degenerate’ in the Puranic Dark Ages. If so, then why do the Vedas take this custom for granted? Why did Krishna’s wives perform sati? Are we to then conclude that Krishna, an incarnation of Vishnu himself, was a corrupt `Hindu’? Again, where did this corruption come from? When did it start? If some outsiders introduced this eivl into India, then it must be one of the Greeks, Bactrians, etc. But they came 1000 years after

Krishna! They themselves also do not practice this act ! Krishna was one of the earliest Aryan figures, and this story could hence have not been an invention, since the Aryans were very scared of altering anything in their tradition. These observations prove the Vedic origin of Sati. 

5.5 BRAHMIN CONFISCATION OF WIDOWS’ PROPERTIES 

There were two main objectives for the Brahmin genocide of widows: firstly, to annihilate the non-Brahmin races by destroying their women, and secondly, to confiscate the properties of the murdered women. The second aspect is vividly described by the French traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, who visited India 6 times between 1641 and 1667. He was a jeweller by profession, and came to India as a result of his involvement with the gem trade. Because he was not a Christian missionary, what he wrote is the result of his own experiences and cannot be dismissed as an inherent religious bias. In fact, his writings display a marked admiration for India. However, like all observers he was struck by the intense exploitation of non-Brahmin races by Brahmins. This unprejudiced traveller clearly describes Brahmin mass murder of non-Brahmin widows and their confiscation of their wealth : 

" The Brahmans accompanying her [ the Sati ] exhort her to show resolution and courage, and many Europeans believe that in order to remove the fear of that death which man naturally abhors, she is given some kind of drink that takes away her senses and removes all apprehensions which the preparations for her (p.165) death might occasion. It is for the interest of the Brahmans that these unhappy women maintain the resolution they have taken to burn themselves, for all the bracelets which they wear, both in arms and legs, with their earrings and rings, belong of right to the Brahmans, who search for them in the ashes after the women are burnt. According to the station and wealth of the woman, the bracelets, earrings, and rings are either of gold or silver; the pooorest wear them of copper and tin; but as for precious stones, they do not wear them at all when going to be burnt."  [ Tavernier, Vol.II, p.164-165 ] 

Tavernier’s heart-rending descriptions of the manner in which the cruel Brahmins tied the shrieking woman to posts and then burnt her alive are followed by narratives of greedy Brahmins looting the properties of the women they had killed : 

" I have seen women burnt in three different ways, according to the customs of different countries. In the kingdom of Gujarat; and as far as Agra and Delhi, this is how it takes place : On the margin of a river or tank, a kind of small hut, about 12 feet square, is built of reeds and all kinds of faggots, with which some pots of oil and other drugs are placed in order to make it burn quickly. The woman is seated in a half-reclining position in the middle of the hut, her head reposes on a kind of pollow of wood, and she rests her back against a post, to which she is tied by her waist by one of the Brahmans, for fear lest she should escape on feeling the flame . In this position she holds the dead body of her busband on her knees, chewing betel all the time; and after having been about half an hour in this condition, the Brahman who has been by her side in the hut goes outside, and she calls out to the priests to apply the fire; this the Brahmans, and the relatives and friends of the woman who are present imediately do, throwing into the fire some pots of oil, so that the woman may suffer less by being quickly consumed. After the bodies have been reduced to ashes, the Brahmans take whatever may be found in the way of melted fold, silver, tin, or copper, derived from the bracelets, earrings, and rings which (p.166) the woman had on; this belongs to them by right, as I have said."  [ Tavernier, Vol.II, p.165-166 ] 

These descriptions taken directly from Tavernier’s Travels (see the References section for the full reference) prove that it was the Brahmins who enforced Sati upon the non-Brahmin races in order to exterminate them and to steal their wealth. It must be remembered that Brahmins had by this time infiltrated the Mughal administration, permitting the continuance of Sati in the Brahminoccupied regions of India despite prohibitory orders from Mughal kings. It is these inflitrators, such as Mahesh Bhat alias Birbal the Brahmin who sabotaged the Mughal Empire, eventually destroying it. 

5.6 BRAMIN EXTERMINATION OF DRAVIDIAN WOMEN 

The poison of Brahmanism had already seeped deep into the veins of South India when Tavernier arrived. The slow but steady Brahmin genocide of Dravidians was in full swing. Tavernier was himself witness to many scenes of Brahmin men murdering Dravidian women in cold blood by the most horrible means imaginable. Here is one such description of the Brahmin murder of a Dravidian woman : 

" In the greater part of the Coromandel coast the woman does not burn herself with the body of her decased husband, but allows herself to be interred, while alive, with him in a hole which the Brahmans dig in the ground , about 1 foot deeper than the height of the man or woman. They generally select a sandy spot, and when they have placed the man and woman in the hole, each of their friends fills a basket of sand, and throws it on the bodies until the hole is full and heaped over, half a foot higher than the ground, after which they jump and dance upon it till they are certain that the woman is smothered. "  [ Tavernier, Vol.II, p.168 ] 

One need only recall the other mind-boggling invention which the Brahmins enforced upon the subjugated Dravidian women : Devadasism. This system involved the mass rape of Dravidian women by their Brahmin masters, who pressed them into prostitution. This served several purposes : while the Brahmins bred a new loyal mixed race by impregnating these captive women, the proceeds earned by these women whom the Brahmins forced into prostitution went into the pockets of the Brahmins themselves ! 

5.7 MODERN REVIVAL OF SATI 

Ever since the transfer of power from British raj to Brahmin raj in 1947, the Pseudo-Secularist Brahmins, the Kautilyan Communist Brahmins and the Hindutva Brahmins have all been conspiring to revive the Sati custom in order to exterminate the non-Brahmin races. At the highest echelon of the Hindutva brigade one finds the leaders full of praises for sati. This is what the Brahminist leader of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad said : 

" VHP Acharya Giriraj Kishore [stated]: "There is nothing wrong if any woman who cannot bear the separation from her husband opts to join him in his funeral pyre." … "Dharmendra Maharaj [was] the priest who presided over the ritual of self-immolation committed by Roop Kanwar upon the death of her husband in Rajasthan. Dharmendra Maharaj of Jaipur, is in no mean a position within the hierarchy of the religious parliament. He is the president of the Sansad`s Kendriya Margadarshan Samiti, the steering committee of the religious parliament"  [ Revive ] 

Such is the extent by which the Brahmins have brainwashed the non-Brahmin women that even Rajput women in the Sangh Parivar support the reinstatement of sati ! 

" BJP leaders like Vijaya Raje Scindia, the queen-mother of the royal family of Gwalior favor the now-outlawed "sati" system ("sati" was a horrible practice where the widow was burnt along with her dead husband) and the degenerate Hindu caste system where Brahmans and other upper castes remain the leaders of the society"  [ Partha ] [ Dowry ] 

Those women who do not commit sati are often forced into `reservations’ where only widows live. One such place is Vrindavan [ Roy ]. 

In all this, these pious Hindu women are merely being guided by the Vedas and other sacred Hindu scriptures. These are the source of all suffering for the non-Brahmin women. As long as this so-called `religion’ of Hinduism exists, there shall be immeasurable suffering for women. Women shall remain chained under the Brahmin yoke as long as there is the evil of Hinduism.