Home » Events in the emancipation of women

1900 to 1909
German women demand higher education March – 1900
First time in Olympic Games July – 1900
UK women’s trade union meets October
– 1900
First communal vote, Norway December – 1901
Feet-binding banned in China February – 1902
Textile workers call for votes for women February – 1902
Glasgow barmaids win ruling May – 1902
Prussia forbids political grouping May – 1902
Get vote in Connecticut elections September – 1903
Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst founds society October – 1903
Hospital for women in Waterloo October – 1903
Norwegion parliament blocks women’s vote November – 1903
First to win Nobel prize : Marie Curie December – 1903
Pope attacks low-cut dresses January – 1904
Women’s suffrage bill forced out, London May – 1905
First suffragettes to be imprisoned October – 1905
Bertha von Suttner wins Nobel Peace prize December – 1905
Participate in British election campaign February – 1906
Women over 24 get the vote in Finland March – 1906
Urged not to play “rough sports” March – 1906
Disrupt Parliament as motion is blocked April – 1906
Top suffragettes meet British premier June – 1906
Banned from “dangerous sport” in Britain June – 1906
Eleven Suffragettes jailed October – 1906
Keir Hardie’s female emancipation bill November – 1906
Suffragettes on hunger strike December – 1906
Women’s education under Persian Shah January – 1907
Suffragettes clash with police; arrests February – 1907
Finns elect women MPs, first in world March – 1907
Hardie’s bill is defeated March – 1907
Women’s Labour League first conference May – 1907
Employed equally in Austrian universities August – 1907
German Women’s Congress anti-militarism August – 1907
Suffragettes drown out Asquith’s speech November – 1907
Pre-marital affidavits on good character December – 1907
Suffragettes raid six ministers’ homes’ January – 1908
New York woman arrested for smoking January – 1908
Emmeline Pankhurst tells of prison life February – 1908
“Women’s Parliament” meets February – 1908
Denmark chooses universal suffrage April – 1908
Automatic divorce law in France June – 1908
200,000 support suffragettes at rally June – 1908
Barmaids banned, New Zealand January – 1909
Desertion not grounds for divorce February – 1909
Russian prosecutor stops woman barrister November – 1909
French Law favours pregnant women November – 1909
Emancipation heroine in Shaw’s play December – 1909
1910 to 1919
Divorce too expensive for poor, Britain November – 1909
Divorce Commission wants equal treatment November – 1912
Mrs Pankhurst charged with bomb attack February – 1913
Russian government bars women lawyers February – 1913
International Women’s Peace Conference April – 1913
Why women dress up, by psychiatrist May – 1913
Emil Dawson, first woman magistrate, UK September – 1913
Woman in split skirt arrested in London July – 1913
Women are inferior, says Almroth Wright October – 1913
First woman to do aerial loop- the- loop January – 1914
Admitted to Turkish universities February – 1914
Mary Richardson slashes Velazquez art March – 1914
Problems of women factory workers, UK July – 1914
Queen starts war “Work for Women” fund September – 1914
Sewing guilds to make clothes for war November – 1914
Government wants war workers, equal pay March – 1915
Special army battalion created March – 1915
International Socialists call for peace March – 1915
Can apply to be bus, tram conductors October – 1915
Factory workers double production November – 1915
First fully employed, Scotland Yard November – 1915
Two million more employed in Britain January – 1916
400,000 to till fields, plan February – 1916
British government promises equal pay February – 1916
Committee blasts “extravagant dresses” March – 1916
Women dockers strike over male prejudice March – 1916
To receive Military Medal June – 1916
Queen Mary opens Women’s Hospital July – 1916
Dr Mary Scharlieb says whores cause VD October – 1916
First birth control clinic, New York October – 1916
First woman member of US Congress November – 1916
3.2 million work outside home, Britain November – 1916
Women taxi drivers; non-military scheme February – 1917
First women’s battalion, Russia June – 1917
200,000 work on land in wartime Britain September – 1917
Labour Parry educates and organises women October – 1917
Dr Anderson, first UK woman doctor, dies December – 1917
Marie Stopes on sex and birth control July – 1918
Million women factory-workers, USA August – 1918
London Underground strike for equal pay August – 1918
Revolutionary attacks Lenin; he survives August – 1918
Women railway workers settle dispute September – 1918
Commons votes to allow women MPs October – 1918
100 women police patrols, London November – 1918
Vote in British election for first time December – 1918
17 women among candidates; one elected December – 1918
Nationalist Moslem women protest, Egypt March – 1919
1.2 million more worked during War March – 1919
Nancy Astor is first woman MP November – 1919
Sex Disqualification Removal Bill passed December – 1919
First woman bar student, Lincoln’s Inn December – 1919
1920-1929
Woman picket British embassy for Ireland April – 1920
France beats England at women’s football May – 1920
Pope cononises Joan of Arc May – 1920
International Feminist Congress, Geneva June – 1920
First female jurors in Divorce Court UK January – 1921
Unemployment Benefits raised February – 1921
First UK birth control clinic opens March – 1921
Pope Pius XI attacks “immodest” dress March – 1922
Massachusetts public offices opened April – 1922
Less hardship for divorced women in bill May – 1922
Dr Ivy Williams, first called to bar May – 1922
First woman president of Co-operative June – 1922
First congress, Feminine Athletics August – 1922
Women get equal citizenship rights, US September – 1922
Coco Chapel’s new liberated fashions February – 1923
Lords’ coercion ruling, Britain February – 1923
Matrimonial Causes Bill; equal divorces March – 1923
First woman admitted to Academia Francais April -1923
First broadcast of BBC’s “Woman’s Hour” May – 1923
Mrs Hilton Philipson is third woman MP June – 1923
Divorce husbands for adultery in new law June – 1923
First to practise at Old Bailey February – 1924
Late night working banned, US Court March – 1924
YWCA say “dress to succeed” May – 1924
Catholic women’s group pro-modest dress July – 1924
Dr Russell warns of drugs and tobacco February – 1926
Mussolini shocked by Violet Gibson shot April – 1926
Guild wants no strikes or lockouts April – 1926
Can be elected to public office, India June – 1926
100,000 in London peace march June – 1926
First to swim Channel (breaks record) August – 1926
Italian women cannot hold public office October – 1926
Short hair and “avant-garde” bobs are in September – 1927
First women-only horse race, Newmarket October – 1927
Hall’s “Well of Loneliness” on lesbians December – 1928
Abolition of veil sparks Afghan revolt December – 1928
Given limited divorce rights in Egypt March – 1929
Thirteen elected in British general election May – 1929
First UK minister : Margaret Bondfield June – 1929
World Congress on Women’s Work, Berlin June – 1929
1930 to 1939
Agree retirement on marriage January – 1930
First to fly solo, Britain to Australia April – 1930
Trades unionists protest at “invasion” June – 1930
476,041 women unemployed in Britain August – 1930
Feminists condemn new long skirt fashion March – 1931
Civil service opens to women July – 1931
Elizabeth Scott’s Shakespeare Theatre April – 1932
Mildred Didrikson breaks Olympic records August – 1932
Dietrich trend : menswear for women May – 1933
None in new Nazi Reichstag, Germany November – 1933
Women Wimbledon players may wear shorts May – 1934
Fourth Women’s World Games; German triumph August – 1934
Polish conscription for men and women September – 1934
New trend : slimming exercises to music October – 1935
Laura Knight, first woman in Royal Academy February – 1936
First BBC women announcers May – 1936
Beryl Markham, first Atlantic women solo September – 1936
Marriage Bill widens grounds for divorce November – 1936
Turkey to conscript woman in wartime January – 1937
First woman owner to win Derby June – 1937
Miss M. J. Ahern manages John Lewis February – 1938
Dodds new drug to ease menopause December – 1938
Women fellow at male Oxford college May – 1939
Women’s League of Health and Beauty UK June – 1939
Women’s Auxiliary Air Force formed UK July – 1939
Women teachers in uk allowed to marry March – 1944
UK women teachers to get same pay as men March – 1944
New homes in UK to be fit for housewives July – 1944
Queen Elizabeth praises war work, UK December – 1944
First GI brides leave UK for USA January – 1946
Single women May become diplomats, UK March – 1946
Vote for first time in Japanese election April – 1946
UK minister advocates more women in work June -1947
UK women asked to avoid longer skirts September – 1947
Woman manager of Shakespeare Theatre, UK February – 1948
Women’s Service Bill passed, UK February – 1948
Women’s Royal Air Force formed, UK February – 1948
Women’s Royal Army Corps formed, UK February – 1948
Penson is first UK woman vice-chancellor June – 1948
WRAF and WRAC incorporated in UK forces 2 April – 1949
Lords to admit peeresses, UK July – 1949
“The Second Sex”, de Beauvoir, published December – 1949
1950 to 1969
Banned from reading, BBC news January – 1951
“Average UK housewife works 15 hour day July – 1951
Education pioneer Maria Montessori dies May – 1952
Commons votes for women’s equal pay May – 1952
Eva Peron dies, Argentina’s heroine July – 1952
First publicised sex change : Christine December – 1952
First woman to win Welsh Bardic Crown August – 1953
First as Tory minister, Horsbrugh September – 1953
Equal pay for civil servants January – 1955
Burnham committee -equal teachers’ pay March – 1955
UK Lords reforms : life peers and women October – 1957
Bishop:working mothers “family enemy’ March – 1958
Christabel Pankhurst, suffragist. dies March – 1958
14 women life peers July – 1958
Warnings on overuse of sedatives November – 1958
Lead Cato Manor unrest, South Africa June – 1959
New MPs Margaret Thatcher, Judith Hart October – 1959
Mrs Bandaranaike, first woman premier July – 1960
Suffragist Estelle Sylvia Pankurst dies September – 1960
Contraceptive pill goes on sale in UK January – 1961
First Mothercare shop opens, UK September – 1961
Birth control pill available on NHS, UK December – 1961
First woman judge in High Court’ UK October – 1962
Tereshkova (USSR) first woman in space June – 1963
Oral contraceptive on prescription, UK June – 1963
Woman broadcaster reads TV news in Wales August – 1963
Woman completes solo round-world flight April – 1964
Death of Nancy Astor, first UK woman MP May – 1964
First Brook Advisory Centre opens, UK July – 1964
First woman High Court judge, UK August – 1965
First woman to train racehorses, UK July – 1966
Birth-control pioneer M. Sanger dies September – 1966
Twiggy is rising fashion star December – 1966
The Abortion Bill becomes law, UK October – 1967
Ford machinists’ equal pay strike, UK June – 1968
Epidural promises painless childbirth September – 1968
First sextuplets born in Britain October – 1968
Pregnancy Advisory Service launched, UK October – 1968
First abortion clinic opens in Londonn October – 1968
Human egg made fertile in test tube, UK February – 1969
Women workers at Ford (UK) win equal pay February – 1969
Lloyd’s of London to admit women February – 1969
Irene Hanson gives birth to quins, UK November – 1969
1970 to 1979
Bill to give women equal pay, UK February – 1970
First women generals in US Army May – 1970
Methodists to admit women ministers, UK June – 1970
Missiles thrown at Miss World contest November – 1970
“The Female Eunuch” published December – 1970
Women win the vote in Switzerland February – 1971
Liechtenstein refuses women the vote February – 1971
UK’s biggest women’s lib March – 1971
Allowed on UK Stock Exchange floor February – 1973
UK plans Equal Opportunities Commission September – 1973
Dalkon Shield IUD taken off market, US May – 1974
First as leader of a UK political party February – 1975
Two women try to kill Ford on two occasions September – 1975
State-sponsored maternity pay, UK October – 1975
International Women’s Year ends December – 1975
Sex Discrimination Act, UK; employment December – 1975
Equal Pay Act, UK; equal opportunities December – 1975
UK’s only big women’s hospital to close February – 1976
Northern Irish women’s peace movement August – 1976
First as Dartmouth Naval College cadets September – 1976
First as jockey in Grand National April – 1977
Red “La Passionaria” returns to Spain May – 1977
Peace Movement women win Nobel prize October – 1977
Naomi James in world sailing record June – 1978
Pelletier, first French Minister for Women September – 1978
Israel’s woman premier Golda Meir dies December – 1978
US feminists upset at wife-rape verdict December – 1978
Teheran women protest at Islamic strictures March – 1979
International Women’s Day protests March – 1979
Mrs Thatcher, first woman premier of UK May – 1979
First woman Prime Minister of Portugal July – 1979
Grate Weitz breaks 2.5 hour marathon October – 1979
1980 to 1988
Belfast peace woman Maguire dies January – 1980
More UK women work than rest of Europe January – 1980
Lung cancer kills many women in US January – 1980
Icelands first woman premier June – 1980
Iranians protest about Islamic dress July – 1980
First Norwegian woman prime minister February – 1981
Brown first woman to cox Oxford boat team April – 1981
First woman Supreme Court Judge, O’Connor July – 1981
Church of England for women as deacons November – 1981
20,000 women encircle Greenham Common against Cruise December – 1982
First woman trainer to win National, UK April – 1983
Sally Ride is first US woman in space June – 1983
First 3 woman head of major union, UK March – 1984
Bailiffs clear main Greenham peace camp April – 1984
G. Ferraro runs for US vice-president July – 1984
UK High Court grants Greenham eviction September – 1984
Church of England approves women deacons July – 1985
10,000 attend rights conference, Kenya July – 1985
Death of feminist Simone de Beauvoir April – 1986
UK synod votes for women’s ordination February – 1987
Surrogate mothers not parents : US judge March – 1987
Plans for ordination of women published June – 1988
Synod on ordination of women July – 1988
Anglican bishops vote on women priests August – 1988
First woman bishop elected in America September – 1988